IVF stands for in vitro fertilisation which means “to fertilise in glass,” hence the familiar name of “test tube baby”. The eggs are removed from the ovaries using light sedation to make you sleepy and relaxed, and you will be given pain relief medicine to make you comfortable during the procedure. When you are sleepy and comfortable, the eggs are collected using an ultrasound-guided needle. The needle goes through the back wall of the vagina (up to the ovaries), where the eggs are gently sucked in through the needle.
The woman’s eggs are then mixed with the sperm of her partner in a small dish in the laboratory to allow fertilisation to occur. If the eggs are fertilised, they are left in the laboratory incubator to develop into embryos. If the embryos develop, they are checked for quality and one or two embryos are placed into the woman’s womb through the cervix using a small plastic tube.